What to do if someone with you is choking



Choking is when someone cannot breathe due to food or another foreign object becoming lodged in their windpipe. A casualty tend to clutch their throat and neck and turn red in the face and neck.

Most choking incidents are of a minor nature and can be relieved by hard coughing.


  • Ask the casualty whether they are choking
  • If yes, suggest that they cough
  • If coughing does not clear the obstruction, have them bend forward slightly and, with the heel of your hand, give them five blows to their back between shoulder blades ('back blows')

Back Blows

Abdominal Thrusts

If back bows do not dislodge the object, try 5 abdominal thrusts.


  • If the object is not dislodged, repeat the cycle of 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts
  • After 3  cycles of back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts, call for help
  • Continue until the object is dislodged or help arrives
  • Anyone who's received abdominal thrusts must seek medical attention afterwards to endure no damage was sustained to abdominal area